The CONFERD group has developed a number of resources in order to aid those in the process of using the CONFERD-HP Guideline to help facilitate their work.


Batt, A.M., Tavares, W. & Williams, B. Adv in Health Sci Educ (2019). This scoping review highlighted significant variability in the reporting of competency framework development processes and outcomes.

Batt, A.M., Tavares, W., Horsley, T., Rich, J., Williams, B., and the CONFERD-HP collaborators. CONFERD-HP: recommendations for reporting COmpeteNcy FramEwoRk Development in health professions, British Journal of Surgery, 2022;, znac394,


CONFERD-HP checklist –


EQUATOR Network – The EQUATOR Network is a reporting guideline initiative aimed at Enhancing the QUality And Transparency Of health Research. Resources for authors, editors, and guideline developers are available on the website. The EQUATOR Network archives over 400 reporting guidelines that have been published for various types of research and study designs.


  1. Batt A, Williams B, Rich J, Tavares W. A Six-Step Model for Developing Competency Frameworks in the Healthcare Professions. Front Med. 2021;8:2601. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2021.789828.
  2. Batt AM, Tavares W, Williams B. The development of competency frameworks in healthcare professions: a scoping review. Adv Health Sci Educ. 2020;25:913–987. doi: 10.1007/s10459-019-09946-w.
  3. Batt AM, Williams B, Brydges M, Leyenaar M, Tavares W. New ways of seeing: supplementing existing competency framework development guidelines with systems thinking. Adv Health Sci Educ. 2021; doi: 10.1007/s10459-021-10054-x.
  4. Moher D, Schulz KF, Simera I, Altman DG. Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting Guidelines. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000217. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000217.
  5. Page MJ, Moher D, Bossuyt PM, Boutron I, Hoffmann TC, Mulrow CD, Shamseer L, Tetzlaff JM, Akl EA, Brennan SE, et al. PRISMA 2020 explanation and elaboration: updated guidance and exemplars for reporting systematic reviews. Br Med J. 2021;372:n160. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n160.
  6. Staniszewska S, Brett J, Simera I, Seers K, Mockford C, Goodlad S, Altman DG, Moher D, Barber R, Denegri S, et al. GRIPP2 reporting checklists: tools to improve reporting of patient and public involvement in research. BMJ. 2017;358:j3453. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j3453.
  7. Simera I, Moher D, Hirst A, Hoey J, Schulz KF, Altman DG. Transparent and accurate reporting increases reliability, utility, and impact of your research: reporting guidelines and the EQUATOR Network. BMC Med. 2010;8:24. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-8-24.
  8. Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O’Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D, Moher D, Peters MDJ, Horsley T, Weeks L, et al. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Ann Intern Med [Internet]. 2018; doi: 10.7326/M18-0850.
  9. EQUATOR Network. Reporting guidelines under development for other study designs: CONFERD-HP [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2020 Feb 12]. Available from:
  10. Cornick P. Nitric oxide education survey – Use of a Delphi survey to produce guidelines for training neonatal nurses to work with inhaled nitric oxide. J Neonatal Nurs. 2006;12:62–68. doi: 10.1016/j.jnn.2006.01.005.
  11. Trevelyan EG, Robinson N. Delphi methodology in health research: How to do it? Eur J Integr Med. 2015;7:423–428. doi: 10.1016/j.eujim.2015.07.002.
  12. Sinha IP, Smyth RL, Williamson PR. Using the Delphi Technique to Determine Which Outcomes to Measure in Clinical Trials: Recommendations for the Future Based on a Systematic Review of Existing Studies. PLOS Med. 2011;8:e1000393. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000393.
  13. Msibi PN, Mogale R, De Waal M, Ngcobo N. Using e-Delphi to formulate and appraise the guidelines for women’s health concerns at a coal mine: A case study. Curationis. 2018;41:1–6. doi: 10.4102/curationis.v41i1.1934.
  14. Hall DA, Smith H, Heffernan E, Fackrell K. Recruiting and retaining participants in e-Delphi surveys for core outcome set development: Evaluating the COMiT’ID study. Young B, editor. PLOS ONE. 2018;13:e0201378. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201378.
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  16. Polit D, Beck C, Hungler B. Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal, and Utilization 5th ed [Internet]. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2001 [cited 2022 Mar 9]. Available from:
  17. Engels TCE, Powell Kennedy H. Enhancing a Delphi study on family-focused prevention. Technol Forecast Soc Change. 2007;74:433–451. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2005.11.008.
  18. Jünger S, Payne SA, Brine J, Radbruch L, Brearley SG. Guidance on Conducting and REporting DElphi Studies (CREDES) in palliative care: Recommendations based on a methodological systematic review. Palliat Med. 2017;31:684–706. doi: 10.1177/0269216317690685.
  19. Tong A, Sainsbury P, Craig J. Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): A 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. Int J Qual Health Care. 2007;19:349–357. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzm042
  20. Staniszewska S, Brett J, Mockford C, Barber R. The GRIPP checklist: Strengthening the quality of patient and public involvement reporting in research. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2011;27:391–399. doi:10.1017/S0266462311000481.
  21. O’Brien BC, Harris IB, Beckman TJ, Reed DA, Cook DA. Standards for reporting qualitative research: A synthesis of recommendations. Acad Med. 2014;89:1245–doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000388.
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Competency frameworks reported using the CONFERD-HP guideline

If you have developed a competency framework in a healthcare profession, and used the CONFERD-HP guideline to report the development process, let us know!


The CONFERD-HP website will announce and host translated CONFERD-HP guideline documents as applicable.